The General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania created the Appalachian States Low-Level Radioactive Waste Commission (Commission) by enacting the Appalachian States Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact Act, Pennsylvania Act 1985-120. Under the authority of this act, the states of Delaware, Maryland, West Virginia and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania formed a compact to provide for the regional management and disposal of low-level radioactive waste (LLRW) in response to federal law, Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act of 1980 and Low-level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendment Act of 1985. Congress consented to the Appalachian States Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact in May 1988.
The Commission currently consists of 10 members: four from Pennsylvania and two each from Delaware, Maryland and West Virginia. The governor of Pennsylvania will appoint an eleventh member from the municipality or county where the regional disposal facility is located.
The Commission became operational June 4, 1990. The Commission is required to hold an annual meeting. The chairman, a majority of the Commission members, or two Commission members from the host state can call additional meetings during the year. Since the suspension of the siting process, the Commission has only been holding annual meetings. These meetings are open to the public.
The membership of the Commission is in flux due to recent gubernatorial elections. Vacant positions on the Commission will be filled by their respective governors and the names of new Commission Members will be added when confirmed.
The Appalachian States Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact Act, Pennsylvania Act 1985-120, empowers the Commission to carry out certain duties, the most significant of which are as follows: