This manual was written for—and with the participation
of—local governments throughout the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Its purpose is to provide guidance towards minimizing
environmental impacts on communities. The guidebook was
prepared to walk municipalities through the EMS implementation
process with a minimum of outside support. It was prepared
by Five Winds, International under a grant from PA DEP/OETD.
The ISO 14001 EMS standard (upon which this guidebook
is based) is built on the “Plan, Do, Check, Review” model.
The basic structure of an EMS, as defined by that standard,
includes commitments to regulatory compliance and continual
improvement, communicating the EMS to all employees,
and making the EMS available to the public. Within this
structure, there are five primary components: 1) Commitment
and Environmental Policy, 2) Planning, 3) Implementation
and Operation, 4) Checking and Corrective Action; and
5) Management Review.
The multi-step process, tools and template documents
contained therein were tested and refined through a Pilot
Program that involved seven Pennsylvania municipalities.
Although it is expected that, by using the tools and
templates presented in the guidebook, a municipality
can implement a complete EMS without outside assistance,
we recommend that they seek as much relevant information
on the subject as possible. The additional sources of
EMS information presented in Section 6 of the Guidebook
are included for this reason, and the reader is encouraged
to explore these sources as a starting point for their
Although the guidebook focuses on the ISO 14001 EMS
framework official registration/certification is not
required. Some form of internal auditing and third-party
auditing/certification, however, should be considered
to enhance the credibility of your effort. You are not
required to coordinate your EMS with any regulatory body—but
DEP is available to assist your development, implementation
and auditing needs.
Improved environmental performance and the development
of an effective management system should be your focus—not
the documentation, nor the EMS itself. As such, a truly
effective EMS will be made an integral component of your
overall management system rather than being operated
in parallel. The unique management techniques, tools
and information presented in this guidebook will help
you get there. The accompanying “Sample
EMS Manual: Environmental Management System Model Manual
Specific to Pennsylvania Municipal Operations" may
be used in conjunction with this guidebook (as Annex
H) or as a standalone reference.
For more information, please email email@example.com.