Emergency planning (also referred to as contingency planning) is one of the most valuable parts of the SWP process. It puts answers to many of the "what if" type questions and can enable your system to react thoughtfully to a problem instead of reacting to a crisis. For example:
"What if a tanker spill or tank leak occurred today that caused a large pool of fuel within 300 feet of one of your wells or within a mile upstream from your intake?"
These are the types of questions to which you should have answers before you actually need them. It is a form of short-term planning.